Is Thalassemia A Serious Disease?

Is thalassemia a disability?

The RPWD Act 2016 has recognised persons with blood disorders (Thalassemia, Hemophilia and Sickle Cell Disease) as ‘persons with disabilities’ under the Act.

Those with 40% and above disability will be given a Disability Certificate..

Can thalassemia be cured?

A stem cell transplant is the only treatment that can cure thalassemia. But only a small number of people who have severe thalassemias are able to find a good donor match and have the risky procedure. For more information, go to the Health Topics Blood and Marrow Stem Cell Transplant article.

What are the symptoms of thalassemia trait?

Thalassemia signs and symptoms can include:Fatigue.Weakness.Pale or yellowish skin.Facial bone deformities.Slow growth.Abdominal swelling.Dark urine.

Can thalassemia drink coffee?

Coffee, tea and spices like oregano can decrease absorption of iron. Thalassemia patients can have tea and coffee in abundance. Milk, cheese, yogurt and other dairy products can decrease absorption of iron the body.

Does thalassemia affect the liver?

Current HBsAg positivity in thalassaemia major ranges from <1% to >20% and Hepatitis B infection remains a significant cause of chronic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with thalassaemia in many regions of the developing world.

What is the life expectancy of someone with thalassemia?

A person with the thalassemia trait has a normal life expectancy. However, heart complications arising from beta thalassemia major can make this condition fatal before the age of 30 years.

What should we eat in thalassemia?

Nutrition & Thalassemia Nutritional deficiencies are common in thalassemia. It is recommended that patients going through blood transfusion should opt for a low iron diet. Avoiding iron-fortified foods like cereal, red meat, green leafy vegetables & Vitamin C-rich foods is the best option for thalassemic patients.

Does thalassemia weaken immune system?

Because of this, people with thalassemia are said to be “immunocompromised,” which means that some of the body’s defenses against infection aren’t working. When you are immunocompromised, it is easier for you to get infections and you sometimes need extra protection, like flu shots and other vaccines.

What is the best treatment for thalassemia?

Standard TreatmentsBlood Transfusions. Transfusions of red blood cells are the main treatment for people who have moderate or severe thalassemias. … Iron Chelation Therapy. The hemoglobin in red blood cells is an iron-rich protein. … Folic Acid Supplements. … Blood and Marrow Stem Cell Transplant. … Possible Future Treatments.

Is thalassemia sexually transmitted?

Blood-borne pathogens or a drop in blood supply could potentially affect a thalassemia patient. HIV (Human Immuno-deficiency Virus) is a blood-borne pathogen and a sexually-transmitted disease. From 1978 to 1985, there was a peak in contamination of the blood supply with HIV.

Is banana good for thalassemia?

Add Banana To Your Diet: Consuming banana, sweet potatoes, lentils and beetroot can reduce your symptoms of thalassaemia. This is because these foods have folic acid that can help in producing more red blood cells. All you need to do is to just consume two large bananas daily and this will do the trick.

Does exercise help thalassemia?

Exercise is part of an overall healthy lifestyle and helps lead to better health outcomes. Although some people with thalassemia may have trouble participating in vigorous forms of exercise, many people with thalassemia can participate in moderate physical activities including biking, running, and walking.

What can thalassemia lead to?

People with thalassemia may have mild or severe anemia. Severe anemia can damage organs and lead to death.

Is milk good for thalassemia?

Calcium. Many factors in thalassaemia promote calcium depletion. A diet containing adequate calcium (e.g. milk, cheese, dairy products and kale) is always recommended.

Can thalassemia cause leukemia?

Abstract. Occurrence of leukemia in thalassemia major is a rare presentation. Here we report two cases of thalassemic patients, developing acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The genetic analysis revealed that, female and male patients were homozygous for IVSI-6 and IVSI-5, respectively.

How does beta thalassemia affect the body?

In people with beta thalassemia, low levels of hemoglobin lead to a lack of oxygen in many parts of the body. Affected individuals also have a shortage of red blood cells (anemia ), which can cause pale skin, weakness, fatigue, and more serious complications.

Can thalassemia minor get married?

Can she conceive? A:A person, who is going to marry thalassemia minor, should check his/her thalassemia status before marriage to avoid the birth of thalassemia major. If both are thalassemia minor, there is 25% chances of thalassemia major in offspring, 25% chances of normal offspring and 50% chances of minor.

Can you donate blood if you have thalassemia?

Usually, individuals with hemoglobin levels that are too low are temporarily not permitted to donate blood. A low hematocrit level is one of the most common reason people are temporarily disqualified or “deferred” from donating blood, but some donors can actually have anemia and still be eligible to donate.

Can thalassemia minor be cured?

Blood transfusions and chelation do not cure beta thalassemia. A stem cell transplant can cure it, but it is a serious procedure with many risks and won’t benefit everyone with the condition. Doctors and scientist are working on developing gene therapies and other treatments to help people with beta thalassemia.